Cultural variation refers to the differences in social behaviors that different cultures exhibit around the world. Culture is part of the external influences that impact the consumer. Crosscultural variations in consumer behavior flashcards from caitlynn b. Cross cultural variations in consumer behavior lessons. That is, culture represents influences that are imposed on the consumer by other individuals. Cultural factors influencing consumer behavior definition. Crosscultural variations in consumer behavior detail 3 detail 2 us cultural values detail 4 individualism materialism mobility competitive active sensuality problemsolving monochronic time perspective equality cleanliness future oriented immediate gratification group. Handbook of culture and consumer behavior oxford scholarship. The role of culture in consumer behavior bizfluent. Variation in cultural values in consumer behaviour variation in cultural values in consumer behaviour courses with reference manuals and examples pdf.
She is coauthor with lyndon simkin, william pride and o. The definition of culture offered in one textbook is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man person as a member of. Request pdf cross cultural variations in consumer behaviour. Culture is the fundamental determinant of a persons wants and behavior. Chapter 02 crosscultural variations in consumer behavior 4. Cultural effects on consumer behavior, 4 4 habits about sampling the environment, etc.
Sally dibb is a reader in marketing and strategic management at the warwick business school, university of warwick, uk. Most aspects of consumer behavior are culturebound. Consumer behavior, marketing strategy and crosscultural variations in consumer behavior consumer behaviour study is based on consumer buying behaviour, with the customer playing the three distinct roles of user, payer and buyer it is the study of when, why, how, and where people do or do not buy a product. In this paper, we analyze the marketing implications of cultural differences and similarities that exist between the people of two or more nations. Cultural influences on consumer behaviour swinburne research. Marketing starts and ends with consumers free essays. Chapter 2 cross cultural variations in consumer behavior. However, existing models of the effect of culture on consumer behavior do not offer a framework in which literature can be adequately integrated, are not firmly grounded in theory, or do not contain a full account of how specific cultural dimensions affect specific consumer behavior components. What may be considered good etiquette in one culture may be considered bad etiquette in another. There are a great many cross cultural variations in consumer behavior that are of particular interest to the marketer operating in more than one culture. The cultural factors are the factors that an individual learns at a very early stage of life due to socialization within the family and other key institutions, such as the set of values, preferences, behavior patterns, and perceptions are learned as the individual grows.
A crosscultural study of motivational domains and business performance in brazil, journal of international business studies, 2001, vol. What are the major challenges facing walmart, carrefour and tesco in the chapter 2 opener. This chapter offers an overview of how research on the impact of culture on consumer behavior has evolved over the years. Crosscultural data are also available for understanding the cultural factors that predict variations in consumption pattern between coun tries and within a country. For marketers all around the world, it is extremely important to understand the needs and behaviours of indi. This influence is displayed in the variation in strategies marketers use. Consumer behavior session 7 cross cultural variations free download as pdf file. A crosscultural example, journal of consumer behaviour, 2003, vol. Numerous studies have documented cultural differences in values and beliefs, motivational orientations, emotions, selfregulation, and information processing styles, and the effects of these cultural variations on consumer behavior such as brand. Chap002 chapter 02 crosscultural variations in consumer. The impact of cultural factors on the consumer buying. People from different ages, incomes, and lifestyles also have varying preferences for. Chapter 02 crosscultural variations in consumer behavior multiple choice questions 1. History of culture and consumer behavior and future.
Marketers, analysts and consumers themselves use an awareness of culture to learn how and why consumers. Cross cultural study is an extremely important activity for a multinational marketer. Crosscultural variations may refer to values, norms, superstitions, traditions, lifestyle, and so on. The identification of reliable dimensions of cultural variation should help. The purpose of this thesis was to research the influence of culture on consumer behaviour and to determine if there are similarities andor differences in consumer behaviour between cultures. Start studying chapter 2 cross cultural variations in consumer behavior. Interest in the influence of culture on consumer psychology and behavior has escalated in the last decade, and the way that culture is conceptualized and its impact on how consumer behavior is examined has changed substantially over the years. The superstore and hypermarket formats do not always work in latin america and asia. Crosscultural variations in consumer behavior multiple choice questions. Cultural issues in mental health don gorman and wendy cross chapter overview. This attitude might be positive, negative, and neutral. Research on the influence of culture on consumer decision making and consumption behavior has witnessed tremendous growth in the last decade. Updated with strategybased examples throughout and an integration of ethics and. Consumer behavior session 7 cross cultural variations scribd.
The influence of culture on consumers repositorium. Eva sutter term paper advanced seminar business economics offline marketing and online marketing publish your bachelors or masters thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay. There are many differences between the various cultures across the planet. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. An integrative framework for crosscultural consumer. Other recent books include marketing briefs, the marketing casebook, the marketing planning. Which one of the four segments of world citizens feels positively about international brands, value their symbolic aspects, and are less concerned about corporate responsibility. Consumers tend to have an attitude when it comes to a particular product being made in a particular country. Moreover, the content analysis of 75 studies based on 12 criteria and systematization of contextual approach to learninginvestigation cross cultural variations in consumer behavior are conducted. This paper, therefore, examines the literature on the nature of nature of culture and crosscultural variations in consumer behaviour. Crosscultural psychology, encyclopedia of applied psychology p. A consumer s level of exposure towards foreign goods or lifestyles may influence his buying decisions and preferences.
Implications for consumer behaviour individualism vs. Variation in cultural values in consumer behaviour. The lewis model is the latest to gain worldwide recognition, being developed in the 1990s and articulated in richard lewiss blockbuster, when cultures collide 1996, which won the us book of the month award in 1997. Which of the following statements is false regarding crosscultural marketing. The figure below figure 1, is a demonstration of how marketers research consumer behaviour. Crosscultural variations in consumer behavior multiple choice questions 1. Chapter 02 crosscultural variations in consumer behavior. These differences include the way people interact, what. The culture a person is born into goes a long way toward determining that individuals behavior patterns, beliefs and values. Previous studies include cultural differences in consumer. Crosscultural consumer psychology sharon shavitt university of illinois urbanachampaign angela y. Which of the following is a cultural factor that affects consumer. Cross cultural differences in consumer behaviour prezi. The global marketplace is getting congested with intermarket segmentation comprising consumers of various ethnic groups.
The element of value may be considered to include the concept of individuality, independence, achievement, and. Consumer behavior, marketing strategy and crosscultural variations in consumer behavior. In this framework we structure the cultural components of the person in terms of consumer attributes and processes, and the cultural components of behavior in terms of consumer behavior domains. A consumers level of exposure towards foreign goods or lifestyles may influence his buying decisions and preferences. Johnson university of illinois chicago overview every year, multinational companies spend billions of dollars in marketing their products around the world. Lewis, after visiting 5 countries and working in more than 20 of them, came to the conclusion that humans can be divided. Marketing strategy in view of the broad and pervasive nature of culture. The lewis model dimensions of behaviour cross culture.108 646 566 307 1425 1580 521 1487 808 1552 294 213 180 1611 1459 1256 473 1312 773 390 1404 1159 939 117 1604 891 371 50 587 547 1186 1310 1105 53 385 1363 467 1080 803