Ginger zingiber officinale is a globally known food and flavoring ingredient which is also reputed for its wide range of medicinal properties. This root we use as a spice and as medicine since the ancient times. Ginger, a wellknown and traditionally used plant is widely consumed as different purposes in medicine, cooking, grocery and scientific researches since its profit and value have been proved at different articles, tests, and researches. It can be harvested all year round, but is best in the autumn. Although many medical uses of ginger have been suggested and studied, the results often vary from one person to the next. Pdf physiological and pharmaceutical effects of ginger zingiber. However, although ginger powder appears to ameliorate nausea of diverse causes, the strength of evidence depends on the context in which it is used for treatment, such as for symptoms following pregnancy, surgery, cancer therapy, or motion sickness.
Samir malhotra1 and amrit pal singh2 1department of pharmacology pgimer, chandigarh 2super specialty division, indswift lab, chandigarh correspondent author, email. The steam carried out the essential oils from the ginger out of the rhizome and go through the condenser. See more ideas about herbalism, ginger benefits and health. Ginger has been used for a long time to treat halitosis. Name of herb ginger scientific and common names zingiber officinale1,2 african ginger1, black ginger1, cochin ginger1, gingembre1, ginger root1, jamaica ginger1, race ginger1, zingiberis rhizoma1, gingerall3, cayenne ginger3, ginger peppermint combo3, ginger power3, and ginger trips3. Pdf plant has been explored for several uses since the emergence of. Ginger, a source of valuable phytonutrients, is characterized as having an aromatic odor and a pungent taste1. Although ginger is recommended for morning sickness, those with a history of miscarriage should avoid it.
Ginger root increases both saliva and stomach secretions which perform actions to sooth the digestive tract, providing no irritation. In addition, it contains other chemical substances like sesquiterpenoids and monoterpernoid in lesser quantities. Healthier lives through education in nutrition and. It is one of the bestknown medicinal herbs in china and japan, where it has commonly been prescribed for headaches, nausea and other stomach problems. As with all health uses of ginger and especially for hyperemesis gravidarum, it will be important to better understand how the chemical profile of biologically active ginger phytochemicals impacts efficacy and reports of adverse effects. Since ginger stimulates blood flow and thins the blood, promoting uterine bleeding is a. Since ginger stimulates blood flow and thins the blood, promoting uterine bleeding is a concern. Ginger is good appetizer, relishing, aphrodisiac, light, beneficial for heart and can be used for various health problems. Ginger is different from other cropsafter seed ginger sprouts and the new plant starts growing, the original seed rhizome is not influenced further by plant growth and remains in good condition when the plant is harvested. Design, formulation, and evaluation of ginger medicated. Its like a whole medicine chest on its own because this humble root has so many useful properties. Ginger has been used medicinally and as a culinary spice for over 4,000 years in the east and with very good reason.
Originating in india and china, ginger is used as a natural remedy for centuries. It was also used to treat intestinal ailments, and relieve stomach aches and cramps, as well as. The root has a pungent, aromatic smell like mild pepper and ginger mixed, but more strongly aromatic. Indigenous to warm tropical climates, ginger is widely. It stimulates the pancreas by increasing the enzymes that foster digestion and prevent poor food absorption. Medicinal use of ginger may also be contraindicated in pregnancy because effects are. Figure 1 the active components of aloe include anthraquinones, chromones, polysaccharides, and enzymes. It is often associated with asian cooking and the spicy, hot flavor that it adds to the cuisine.
And because it doesnt shut down the inflammatory process entirely, ginger may actually allow it to work properly and then turn itself off, the way it does with an injury. Ginger zingiber officinale belonging to the family zingiberaceae is a perennial herb. Ginger medicinal uses and nutritional value foods and. Randomized controlled trials support its use in preventing nausea. Case studies suggest usefulness in treating migraines and inflammatory arthritis, but no randomized trials have been reported. Ginger was brought to mexico by the spaniards and later introduced to jamaica, the latter currently being one of the worlds foremost producers of this species 2. Many use it to treat stomach problems such as diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, nausea and vomiting, and also loss of appetite. Ginger preparation, trikatu, was a potent hypolipidemic agent because of its ability to reduce triglycerides and ldl cholesterol and to increase hdl. The plant was a popular carminative and used to relieve generally upset stomachs. Extraction and characterization of essential oil ginger.
Confucius wrote about ginger in his analects and the greek physician. Another option would be to chew a very thin slice of ginger. Pdf recent perspectives on the medicinal potential of ginger. Fresh ginger is not recommended in skin diseases, anaemia, painful and burning urination, bleeding diseases, ulcers, fever, burning sensation, during summer and autumn. Whether in the form of a lemon and ginger tea or a powdered supplement, the evidence strongly suggests that ginger can reliably. The health benefits of ginger are mainly attributed to its phenolic. Ginger luya zingiber officinale health benefits, uses. It has been shown to be more effective against staph infections than antibioticsand without the adverse effects. Generally, the more pungent versions of ginger are more effective for therapeutic or medicinal uses, while the milder. Ginger or more precisely ginger root is a rhizome of a flowering plant with the same name ginger. Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditionalalternative medicine. Besides reducing inflammation, ginger has many other benefits. The root, which composes unique phytochemical compounds, still finds a special place in many traditional indian and chinese medicines disease preventing and healthpromoting properties. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile.
Ginger powder 1 % of total treatment period showed the best feed conversion ratio and the lowest. Ginger first appeared in the southern parts of the ancient china. Pdf zingiber officinale rosc a traditional herb with. This chapter highlights various clinically proven properties of ginger. Medicinal properties of ginger zingiber officinale rosc. Physiological and pharmaceutical effects of ginger. Ginger precautions and warningsavoid ginger preparations for fevers that are over 104 degrees fahrenheit. Health benefits of ginger root and its medicinal uses. Directions peel a large piece of ginger, grate it and place in pan. Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in the prevention. Uses of ginger it was discovered some 2,000 years ago that ginger root contained several medicinal purposes and health benefits, some of which are still being practiced to this day. As a traditional cure for nausea, ginger has been utilized in a variety of products, from herbal remedies to formal medicines, for offsetting symptoms of illness.
Luya or ginger is claimed to have many medicinal value, from antibacterial. It has been shown to be more effective against bacterial staph infections than antibiotics. The rhizome or underground stem of the ginger plant is the usable portion of the herb. The anthraquinones and chro mones are responsible for the anticancer activity, anti. Recent perspectives on the medicinal potential of ginger. Ginger history origin and traditional uses of ginger. The effect of ginger powder on performance, carcass. Gingers culinary qualities are a delight, but its health benefits are simply stunning. Ginger has been used by traditional chinese and indian medicine for over 25 centuries 5. Aug 19, 2019 there are three types of harvested ginger.
The use of ginger zingiber officinale for the treatment of pain. The part of the ginger plant that is used is the root, which is botanically the rhizome. In addition to its culinary use, ginger also possesses medicinal properties and has been used since ancient. Ginger also contains some amount of essential oils in the root, which is the reason for its fragrance.
It also found in items such as ginger ale, which is known to help relieve an upset stomach. Wild ginger has been employed by various native american tribes for a variety of purposes. Ginger and its healing properties ministry of health. From there, it spread to india, maluku islands socalled spice islands, rest of the asia and west africa. Zingiber officinale in selected medicinal plants of india a monograph of. Bioactive compounds and bioactivities of ginger zingiber officinale.
Active constituents for topical applications are in gingers volatile oils. Ginger is often promoted for treatment of nausea and vomiting. Medicinal plants and their constituents show a vital effect in the diseases cure especially with properties of being antioxidant, antiinflammatory. It is one of the bestknown medicinal herbs in china and japan, where it has commonly been prescribed for. The ginger is a tuber especially appreciated for its therapeutic properties, also used as seasoning in cooking for its light spicy flavor. Ever since its discovery, ginger has proven to be very useful to asian and arabic cultures. The extraction of the ginger essential oils began when steam contact to the ginger in the extraction tank. Background and uses ginger has been used as a spice and medicinal herb by numerous traditions across the world for thousands of years including traditional chinese medicine, japanese, ayurveda, native american and european herbalism. The antiinflammatory compounds found in ginger powder are excellent for relieving headaches and migraines, which are often caused by inflammation of the small capillaries in the head. Gingers culinary qualities are a delight, but its health. Pure essential oil can be derived from a part of ginger plant that is the ginger rhizome by using steam distillation method. Ginger and turmeric plants have several similar characteristics both possess pale green flowers and are surrounded by long lanceolate leaves.
Another old world influence was the doctrine of signatures, according to which wild gingers kidneyshaped leaves were a sign that the plant was meant to be used to treat kidney disorders. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. Ginger or zingiber officinale is the rhizome of the ginger plant, which is widely used as a spice and also in herbal medicine. This asian technique refreshes the mouth after meals. It has a great pain relieving property, and thus used against arthritis, cough, menstrual pain, low back pain, and chest pain. Nov 09, 2011 uses of ginger it was discovered some 2,000 years ago that ginger root contained several medicinal purposes and health benefits, some of which are still being practiced to this day. Ginger also treats a broader range of the inflammatory problem because it affects both the cox and the lox enzymes. Ginger is grown throughout south eastern asia, china and in parts of japan, austria, l atin america, jamaica and africa. Often used as a means to treat digestive problems, relieve heartburn, or even alleviate symptoms of the common cold, ginger has many versatile uses.
Ginger has been used for stomach upset, motion sickness, nausea, and vomiting some herbaldiet supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful impuritiesadditives. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. The efficacy of some herbal products is beyond doubt, the most recent examples being silybum marianum linn. Posted in home remedies by admin on 18 august 2016 tags. A ginger preparation was administered to normal and cholesterolfed male rats in order to see if blood lipids would decrease. Ginger is used in mexican traditional medicine, mainly for gastrointestinal complaints. Pdf medicinal and nutritional qualities of zingiber officinale. In various cultures, ginger has been used to treat common ailments such as headaches, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, flu, diarrhea, arthritis, colic.
In india, it is cultivated mainly in kerala, andhia pradesh. You can strain the ginger out of the honey if you like. Ginger is primarily used to treat nausea, but it is also used as an antiinflammatory, a pain remedy, a warming remedy and a cholesterollowering herb. Ginger is a well known spice and flavoring agent which has also been used in. In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. It has been used to help digestion, reduce nausea and help fight the flu and common cold, to name a few. In ginger family, zingiber officinalis is one of most widely used species and it is found in several foods. Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. Medicinal uses of ginger zingiber officinale roscoe improves growth and enhances immunity in aquaculture shubha ratna shakya abstract the medicinal plants are of great use in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, agricultural and food industry.
Pungent, spicy ginger root is a popular root herb of culinary as well as medicinal importance. Ginger zingiber officinale international journal of current. Ginger, a plant, which is predominately grown in africa, caribbean, india, and southeast asia. Ginger is a root that is commonly used as a cooking spice or an herbal cold remedy. Not only is ginger a culinary marvel, its health benefits are stunning. Ginger is commonly used for various types of stomach problems, including motion sickness, morning sickness, colic, upset stomach, gas, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome ibs, nausea, nausea. Simmer 1015 minutes, or until ginger is mushy, allow to cool slightly. It is an ingredient in countless recipes, but has also been used for centuries for its medicinal and antifungal properties. It can be produced in many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions.505 1597 828 92 736 527 1055 545 1023 1575 1306 1261 1366 974 612 1607 449 870 1614 966 1440 1006 1449 180 359 91 1139 988 521 612 1028 644 1456 681 939 90 1397